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Caregivers should pay attention to their own health, or they may bum out or.become depressed.【填大写字母】

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  • The future population will be older than today, and this in turn will change the patterns of social demands. However, Mexico will still be far from the "aging societies" that will most likely prevail (占优势 ) in the industrialized countries. In less than 25 years, the country will have to add almost as much infrastructure as it has already built up to now, simply to maintain services and production at the current levels. This will be a tremendous challenge, although a similar one was faced successfully in the recent past, when available infrastructure was doubled in two decades or so. It is no wonder that much has been said about the need to reduce or preferably halt Mexico's population control which is taken for granted as both good and necessary. It has also gained supporters in the developing world, and Mexico is no exception. But the arguments about population are complicated, as the following discussion illustrates. Even if Mexico's population reaches 125 million by the year 2010, its population density is still smaller than the 1985 population density of some 50 countries. By international standards Mexico will still not be overpopulated by the year 2010. If wealth is generated by people, the more individuals there are, the greater the wealth that potentially could be generated. Why should Mexico control its population at density levels below those of the richer countries if more population represents the possibility of generating more wealth? On the other hand, it is often pointed out that once sustainability(支撑力) limits are near or are reached, there are decreasing productivity gains (or,perhaps more accurately, increasing productive losses) , and people become a cost rather than an asset. If we assume that there are sustainability limits and that we are close to reaching these limits at a world level, then it is appropriate to check population growth. According to the passage, the population argument is focused on_______.

    A.whether more people are a property or a cost

    B.whether Mexico should control its population growth or not

    C.whether the density of population in Mexico is large or small

    D.what the standard international sustainability limit is

  • 根据以下内容回答下列各题 What does it take to be a well-trained nurse? The answer used to be two-year associates or four-year bachelors degree programs. But as the nursing shortage 36 , a growing number of schools and hospitals are establishing "fast-track programs" that enable college graduates with no nursing 37 to become registered nurses with only a year or so of 38 training. In 1991, there were only 40 fast-track curricula; now there are more than 200. Typical is Columbia Universitys Entry to Practice program. Students earn their bachelor of science in nursing in a year. Those who stay on for an 39 two years can earn a masters degree that 40 them as nurse practitioners (执业护士) or clinical nurse specialists. Many students are recent 41 ; others are career switchers. Rudy Guardron, 32, a 2004 graduate of Columbias program, was a premedical student in college and then worked for a pharmaceutical (药物的) research company. At Columbia, he was __42__ as a nurse practitioner. "I saw that nurses were in high 43 and it looked like a really good opportunity," he says. "Also, I didnt want to be in school for that long. " The fast-track trend fills a need, but its also creating some 44 between newcomers and veterans. "Nurses that are still at the bedside 45 these kids with suspicion," says Linda Pellico, who has taught nursing at Yale University for 18 years. "They wonder, how can they do it quicker?" The answer is they dont. A)additional B)applied C)demand D)excessive E)experience F)expores G)graduates H)operations I)promote J)qualifies K)specialized L)tension M)trained N)view O)worsens 第36题应填____

    第37题应填____

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    请帮忙给出每个问题的正确答案和分析,谢谢!

  • Passage Two

    “One of the reasons I find this topic very interesting is because my mom was a smoker when I was younger,”says Lindson-Hawley, who studies tobacco and health at the University of Oxford.

    By studying about 700 adult smokers, she found out that her mom quit the right way—by stopping abruptly and completely.

    In her study, participants were randomly (随机地)assigned to two groups. One had to quit abruptly on a given day, going from about a pack a day to zero. The other cut down gradually over the course of two weeks. People in both groups used nicotine (尼古丁)patches before they quit, in addition to a second form. of nicotine replacement, like gum or spray. They also had talk therapy with a nurse before and after quit day.

    Six months out, more people who had quit abruptly had stuck with it—more than one-fifth of them, compared to about one-seventh in the other group. Although these numbers appear low, it is much higher than if people try without support.

    And the quit rates were particularly convincing given that before the study started, most of the people had said they&39;d rather cut down gradually before quitting.“If you&39;re training for a marathon, you wouldn’t expect to turn up and just be able to run it. And I think people see that for smoking as well. They think,‘ Well, if I gradually reduce, it&39;s like practice,&39;”says Lindson-Hawley. But that wasn&39;t the case. Instead of giving people practice, the gradual reduction likely gave them cravings (瘾)and withdrawal symptoms before they even reached quit day, which could be why fewer people in that group actually made it to that point. “Regardless of your stated preference, if you&39;re ready to quit, quitting abruptly is more effective,”says Dr. Gabriela Ferreira. “When you can quote a specific number like a fifth of the patients were able to quit, that&39;s compelling. It gives them the encouragement, I think, to really go for it,”Ferreira says.

    People rarely manage to quit the first time they try. But at least, she says, they can maximize the odds of success.

    What does Lindson-Hawley say about her mother?

    A.She quit smoking with her daughter’s help

    B.She succeeded in quitting smoking abruptly

    C.She was also a researcher of tobacco and health

    D.She studied the smoking patterns of adult smokers

    How does Dr. Gabriela Ferreira view the result of Lindson-Hawley's experiment?A.It is idealized

    B.It is unexpected

    C.It is encouraging

    D.It is misleading

    What happens when people try to quit smoking gradually?A.They find it even more difficult

    B.They are simply unable to make it

    C.They show fewer withdrawal symptoms

    D.They feel much less pain in the process

    What kind of support did smokers receive to quit smoking in Lindson-Hawley’s study?A.They were given physical training

    B.They were looked after by physicians

    C.They were encouraged by psychologists

    D.They were offered nicotine replacements

    The idea of “a marathon”(Line 2, Para.5) illustrates the popular belief that quitting smokingA.is something few can accomplish

    B.needs some practice first

    C.requires a lot of patience

    D.is a challenge at the beginning

    请帮忙给出每个问题的正确答案和分析,谢谢!

  • 选词填空:Each human being is born as something new,__ (71)__ that never existed before

    Each human being is born as something new,__ (71)__ that never existed before. He is born with__ (72)__ he needs to win at life. Each person in his own__ (73)__ can see,hear,touch,taste, and think__(74)__ himself. Each has his own unique __(75)__ — his capabilities and limitations.__ (76)__ can be a significant,__ (77)__, aware, and creatively __(78)__ person in his own right a winner. 

    The words “winner” and “loser” have many meanings. When we refer __(79)__ a person as a winner, we do not mean one__ (80)__ beats the other guy__ (81)__ winning over him and __(82)__ him lose. To us, a winner is one who responds authentically by being __ (83)__ , trustworthy, responsive, and genuine,__ (84)__ as an individual and as a member of__ (85)__.

    A loser is one who fails to respond authentically. Martin Buber __(86) __this idea as he retells an old story of a rabbi who on his __(87)__ bed sees himself as a loser. The rabbi laments that, in the world to come, he will not be asked why he wasn't Moses; he will be asked why he wasn't __(88)__. Few people are one hundred percent winners or one hundred percent losers. It's a__ (89)__ of degree. However, once a person is on the road to being a winner, his chances are greater for becoming even more __(90)__. This book is intended to facilitate the journey.

    71. A) everything   B) anything   C) something   D) thing 

      72. A) that     B) what      C) which      D) how

    73. A) way      B) case      C) method      D) appetite 

      74. A) of       B) to        C) for        D) about

    75. A) possibilities    B) abilities    C) potentials   D) energy 

     76. A) One       B) All       C) Every         D) Each

    77. A) thinking     B) think     C) thought     D) have thought 

      78. A) produce     B) productive   C) product     D) productivity 

     79. A) as       B) to       C) for        D) on

    80. A) what      B) those      C) which        D) who 

      81. A) with       B) for         C) on         D) by

    82. A) making       B) let       C) letting       D) make

    83. A) credit      B) believing     C) credible     D) believed 

     84. A) all       B) both        C) which        D) each

    85. A) society       B) group      C) community       D) party 

     86. A) takes       B) tells       C) speaks       D) expresses 

      87. A) die         B) death       C) dying         D) died 

      88. A) his        B) him         C) himself         D) self

    89. A) matter     B) case       C) thing         D) something 

      90. A) than       B) much        C) then          D) so

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