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问题

论述逻辑斯谛增长曲线的形成过程及各阶段的特征。

参考答案
正确答案:
逻辑斯谛增长是具密度效应的种群连续增长模型,比无密度效应的模型增加了两点假设:
(1)有一个环境容纳量;(2)增长率随密度上升而降低的变化,是按比例的。按此两点假设,种群增长将不再是“J”型,而是“S”型。
“S”型曲线有两个特点:
(1)曲线渐近于K值,即平衡密度;
(2)曲线上升是平滑的。
逻辑斯谛曲线常划分为5个时期:
(1)开始期,也可称潜伏期,由于种群个体数很少,密度增长缓慢;
(2)加速期,随个体数增加,密度增长逐渐加快;
(3)转折期,当个体数达到饱和密度一半(即K/2时),密度增长最快;
(4)减速期,个体数超过K/2以后,密度增长逐渐变慢;
(5)饱和期,种群个体数达到K值而饱和。
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