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问题:

垄断地租产生的条件是( ) A.垄断资本的存在B.具有特殊优越自然条件的土地的稀少性C.土地

垄断地租产生的条件是( )

A.垄断资本的存在

B.具有特殊优越自然条件的土地的稀少性

C.土地的肥沃程度和距离市场远近程度的差别

D.农业中资本有机构成低于社会平均资本有机构成


  参考答案

正确答案:B

 垄断地租产生的条件是某些地块具有特殊优越的自然条件和稀缺性。因此,其产品或特别珍贵,或经常供不应求,它的价格就不由生产价格和价值决定,而是由购买者的需要或支付能力决定,即这种土地产品按垄断价格出售。于是,由垄断价格高于生产价格和价值的余额所构成的超额利润,便由资本家转交给土地所有者而形成垄断地租。

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